NSA Director Says Monitoring Program Stopped Attacks

The head of the National Security Agency defended his agency’s broad electronic surveillance programs, saying that they have helped thwart dozens of terrorist attacks and that their recent public disclosure has done “great harm” to the nation’s security. Facing his first public grilling since it was revealed that the NSA has collected millions of telephone records and e-mails in secret, Gen. Keith Alexander sought to aggressively rebut congressional and other criticism of the Obama administration’s antiterrorism tactics.